Routine genebank monitoring operations to accessions. Here we see a staff member carrying out the last step of viability testing. Viability testing is when staff periodically plate out some seeds and count how many are alive or dead. They then monitor how many germinate. Depending on the species, seeds will survive for different lengths of time. Genebanks do this monitoring process approx. every 5 years. Pictured here, a staff member counts the number of plants that actually germinated and puts it into a spreadsheet. G.O.A.L workshop, March 2016 at IITA in Ibadan, Nigeria.