Argentina has a population of around 43 million people. The agriculture and food sector in Argentina accounts for 5-10% of gross national income.
It employs around 5% of the country’s working population, and agricultural and food trade generates up to 35% of national exports.
Agricultural production focuses on the following food crops: wheat, barley, maize, sorghum, and soybean.
88-96% of the food energy consumed in Argentina comes from crops that are not native to the region. Most of these plants’ diversity is found elsewhere on the planet. There are 76,410 crop varieties in collections of crop diversity found in Argentina compared to the more than 700,000 found in the international collections of crop diversity supported by the Crop Trust.
Argentina signed the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (ITPGRFA) in 2005, joining 132 other contracting parties in commitment to the global system.