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Argentina

Overview

Country Argentina Capital : Buenos Aires

Argentina has a population of around 43 million people. The agriculture and food sector in Argentina accounts for 5-10% of gross national income.

It employs around 5% of the country’s working population, and agricultural and food trade generates up to 35% of national exports.

Agricultural production focuses on the following food crops: wheat, barley, maize, sorghum, and soybean.

88-96% of the food energy consumed in Argentina comes from crops that are not native to the region. Most of these plants’ diversity is found elsewhere on the planet. There are 76,410 crop varieties in collections of crop diversity found in Argentina compared to the more than 700,000 found in the international collections of crop diversity supported by the Crop Trust.

Argentina signed the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (ITPGRFA) in 2005, joining 132 other contracting parties in commitment to the global system.

The Crop Trust has supported 3 projects in Argentina

  1. Maize: The Estacion Experimental Agropecuaria Pergamino received support from the Crop Trust to regenerate 36 maize accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crop.
  2. Potato: The Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria (INTA) received support from the Crop Trust to regenerate, characterize and safety duplicate 301 potato accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crop.
  3. Sweet Potato: The Crop Trust provided support to the Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria (INTA) that worked with the Centro Internacional de la Papa (CIP) in Peru to carry out in vitro and field screening of sweet potato diversity for salinity tolerance with the aim of identify promising materials for salinity tolerance and make these available for use by breeding programs and farmers.