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Brazil

Overview

Country Brazil Capital : Brasilia

Brazil has a population of more than 200 million people. The agriculture and food sector in Brazil accounts for 5-10% of gross national income.

It employs from 10-15% of the country’s working population, and agricultural and food trade generates up to 30% of national exports.

Agricultural production focuses on the following food crops: cassava, maize, soybean, rice, and banana.

80-94% of the food energy consumed in Brazil comes from crops that are not native to the region.

Brazil ratified the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (ITPGRFA) in 2006, joining 142 other contracting parties in commitment to the global system. Additionally, Brazil has contributed USD 30,000 to the Crop Trust Endowment Fund.

The Crop Trust has supported 6 projects in Brazil

  1. Barley: The Crop Trust supported the Embrapa Genetic Resources and Biotechnology (Embrapa, Cenargen) to collect and conserve 12 samples of barley, with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crop.
  2. Beans: The Crop Trust supported the Embrapa Genetic Resources and Biotechnology (Embrapa, Cenargen) to collect and conserve 132 samples of bean, with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crop.
  3. Cowpea: The Crop Trust supported the Embrapa Genetic Resources and Biotechnology (Embrapa, Cenargen) to collect and conserve 96 samples of cowpea, with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crop.
  4. Maize: The Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuaria received support from the Crop Trust to regenerate and characterize 290 maize accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crop. 71 accessions are safety duplicated in the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT).
  5. Maize: The Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuaria received support from the Crop Trust to characterize and evaluate maize for tolerance to drought and resistance to disease with the aim being to identify potential sources of genes and make these available for use in the development of adapted varieties.
  6. Millets: The Crop Trust supported the Embrapa Genetic Resources and Biotechnology (Embrapa, Cenargen) to collect and conserve 29 samples of finger millet in the semi arid regions of Brazil and conserve with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crop.