China has as population of more than 1.3 billion people. The agriculture and food sector in China accounts for almost 10% of gross national income. It employs around 59% of the country’s working population, and agricultural and food trade generates between 2-3% of national exports.
Agricultural production focuses on the following food crops: sugar beet, wheat, maize, sweet potatoes and potatoes.
45-55% of the food energy consumed in China comes from crops that are not native to the region. Most of these plants’ diversity is found elsewhere on the planet. There are 521,762 crop varieties in collections of crop diversity found in China compared to the more than 700,000 found in the international collections of crop diversity supported by the Crop Trust.