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Hungary

Overview

Country Hungary Capital : Budapest

Hungary has a population of almost 10 million people. Hungary benefits from many natural features that provide favorable conditions for agriculture: fertile plains, an advantageous climate, and availability of water.

Although agriculture’s share in the economy has decreased in recent years, it is still significant. Two-thirds of Hungary’s total area is devoted to agriculture. Crops cover more than 5 million hectares, which represents 80% of the agricultural area, while less than 1.5 million hectares is permanent grassland.

Agricultural production focuses on the following food crops: maize, wheat, sunflower seed, barley, and sugar beet.

86-98% of the food energy consumed in Hungary comes from crops that are not native to the region. Most of these plants’ diversity is found elsewhere on the planet. There are 73,289 crop varieties in collections of crop diversity found in Hungary compared to the more than 700,000 found in the international collections of crop diversity supported by the Crop Trust.

Hungary signed the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (ITPGRFA) in 2004, joining 132 other contracting parties in commitment to a global system.

The Crop Trust has supported 8 projects in Hungary

  1. Barley: The Crop Trust supported the Research Centre for Agrobotany (RCA) to regenerate, characterize and safety duplicate 32 barley with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crops.
  2. Beans: The Crop Trust supported the Research Centre for Agrobotany (RCA) to regenerate and characterize 139 common bean accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crops.
  3. Chickpea: The Crop Trust supported the Research Centre for Agrobotany (RCA) to regenerate and characterize 22 chickpea accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crops.
  4. Faba Bean: The Crop Trust supported the Research Centre for Agrobotany in regenerate and characterize 139 bean accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crops.
  5. Grasspea: The Crop Trust supported the Research Centre for Agrobotany to regenerate 82 grass pea accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crop.
  6. Lentil: The Crop Trust supported the Research Centre for Agrobotany to regenerate 28 lentil accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crops.
  7. Maize: The Crop Trust supported the Research Centre for Agrobotany to regenerate and characterize 89 maize accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crops.
  8. Wheat: The Crop Trust supported the Research Centre for Agrobotany (RCA) in regenerate, characterize and safety duplicate 92 wheat accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crops.