Hungary has a population of almost 10 million people. Hungary benefits from many natural features that provide favorable conditions for agriculture: fertile plains, an advantageous climate, and availability of water.
Although agriculture’s share in the economy has decreased in recent years, it is still significant. Two-thirds of Hungary’s total area is devoted to agriculture. Crops cover more than 5 million hectares, which represents 80% of the agricultural area, while less than 1.5 million hectares is permanent grassland.
Agricultural production focuses on the following food crops: maize, wheat, sunflower seed, barley, and sugar beet.
86-98% of the food energy consumed in Hungary comes from crops that are not native to the region. Most of these plants’ diversity is found elsewhere on the planet. There are 73,289 crop varieties in collections of crop diversity found in Hungary compared to the more than 700,000 found in the international collections of crop diversity supported by the Crop Trust.
Hungary signed the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (ITPGRFA) in 2004, joining 132 other contracting parties in commitment to a global system.