The Netherlands has a population of about 17 million people. The Dutch agricultural sector produces mostly cereals, feed crops, and potatoes.
After the United States, the Netherlands is the biggest exporter of agricultural produce in the world. The Dutch agricultural sector exports some € 65 billion of agricultural produce annually. This is 17.5% of total Dutch exports. Accounting for 10% of the Dutch economy and employment, the agricultural and horticultural sectors play a crucial role.
87-98% of the food energy consumed in the Netherlands comes from crops that are not native to the region. Most of these plants’ diversity is found elsewhere around the planet. There are 62,888 crop varieties in collections of crop diversity found in the Netherlands compared to more than 700,000 found in international collections of crop diversity supported by the Crop Trust.
The Netherlands signed and officially accepted the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (ITPGRFA) in 2005, joining 132 other contracting parties in commitment to a global system. Additionally, the Netherlands contributed USD 3,615,895 to the Crop Trust, of which USD 489,000 was to the Endowment Fund.