Nicaragua

Overview

Country Nicaragua Capital : Managua

Nicaragua has a population of around 6 million.

Nicaragua suffers from high unemployment rates and a large external debt, and consequently is one of Latin America’s poorest countries.

Agriculture, forestry and fishing employs one-third of the labour force and produces about one-fifth of the total national income. Major crops for domestic consumption include corn (maize), beans, rice, sorghum, plantains and cassava (manioc). Various fruits and vegetables also are produced for local consumption.

62-75% of the food energy consumed in Nicaragua comes from crops that are not native to the region. Most of these plants’ diversity is found elsewhere on the planet.

The Crop Trust has supported 2 projects in Nicaragua

  1. Beans: The Crop Trust supported the Universidad Nacional Agraria to regenerate and characterize 131 accessions of common bean with the aim of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crops. 84 accessions are safety duplicated at the International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT).
  2. Maize: The Crop Trust supported the Universidad Nacional Agraria, Nicaragua to regenerate 67 maize accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crop. 40 accessions are safety duplicated in the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT).