Poland has a population of around 38 million people. The agriculture and food sector in Poland accounts for almost 4% of gross national income. It employs around 16% of the country’s working population and agricultural and food trade generates around 7% of national exports. Over 50% of total land area in Poland is used for agriculture.
Agricultural production focuses on the following food crops: triticale, potatoes, wheat, barley and sugar beets.
78-91% of the food energy consumed in Poland comes from crops that are not native to the region. Most of these plants’ diversity is found elsewhere around the planet. There are 33,150 crop varieties in collections of crop diversity found in Poland compared to more than 700,000 found in international collections of crop diversity supported by the Crop Trust.
Poland signed the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (ITPGRFA) in 2002, joining 132 other contracting parties in commitment to a global system.
Image Credit: Adma Smok