Portugal

Overview

Country Portugal Capital : Lisbon

Portugal has a population of over 10.8 million.

The main crops grown in Portugal are cereals (wheat, barley, corn (maize) and rice), potatoes, grapes (for wine), olives and tomatoes. Crop yields, however, are well below the EU average, due to low agricultural investment, minimal mechanization, little use of fertilizers, and the fragmented land-tenure system.

Portugal is among the world’s largest exporters of tomato paste and is a leading exporter of wines.

79-91% of the food energy consumed in Portugal comes from crops that are not native to the region. Most of these plants’ diversity is found elsewhere on the planet.

The Crop Trust has supported 2 projects in Portugal

  1. Faba BeanThe Crop Trust supported the Instituto Nacional dos Recursos Biológicos (INRB) to regenerate and characterize 31 faba bean accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crop. 32 accessions are safety duplicated in Centro di Recursos Fitogeneticos, Spain.
  2. Wheat: The Crop Trust supported the Instituto Nacional de Investigacao Agraria in Portugal to evaluate wheat genotypes for tolerance to heat and drought by looking at growth and physiological traits under stressful conditions with the aim of identifying genetic variability that can be used in the development of varieties adapted to heat and drought.