Sudan

Overview

Country Sudan Capital : Khartoum

Sudan is one of the poorest and least-developed countries in the world and has a population of over 36.7 million.

Around one-third of Sudan’s inhabitants are dependent on farming and animal husbandry for their livelihoods. Agriculture still accounts for about one-third of Sudan’s gross domestic product.

The country’s main crops include cotton, peanuts (groundnuts), sesame, gum arabic, sorghum and sugarcane. The main subsistence crops are sorghum and millet, with smaller amounts of wheat, corn and barley.

38-47% of the food energy consumed in Sudan comes from crops that are not native to the region. Most of these plants’ diversity is found elsewhere on the planet.

The Crop Trust has supported 3 projects in Sudan

  1. Cowpea: The Crop Trust supported the Plant Genetic Resources Unit, Agricultural Research Corporation (ARC) to regenerate, characterize and safety duplicate 46 cowpea accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crops.
  2. Millets: The Crop Trust supported the Plant Genetic Resources Unit, Agricultural Research Corporation (ARC) to regenerate, characterize and safety duplicate in the International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICRISAT) and Svalbard Global Seed Vault 478 pearl millet accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crops.
  3. Sorghum: The Crop Trust supported the Plant Genetic Resources Unit, Agricultural Research Corporation (ARC) to regenerate and characterize 671 sorghum accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crops. 648 accessions are safety duplicated in the International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Area (ICRISAT) and 671 in Svalbard Global Seed Vault.