Uganda

Overview

Country Uganda Capital : Kampala

Uganda has a population of over 38 million.

The economy relies heavily on agriculture, and it occupies some four-fifths of the working population. Economic development and modernization have been impeded by the country’s political instability.

Two important crops for export are coffee and cotton. Tea and horticultural products are also grown for export. Food crops include corn (maize), millet, beans, sorghum, cassava, sweet potatoes, plantains, peanuts (groundnuts), soybeans and such vegetables as cabbages, greens, carrots, onions, tomatoes and numerous peppers.

76-88% of the food energy consumed in Uganda comes from crops that are not native to the region. Most of these plants’ diversity is found elsewhere on the planet.

The Crop Trust has supported 6 projects in Uganda

  1. Banana: The National Agricultural Research Organization (NARO) received support from the Crop Trust to regenerate and characterize 438 banana accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crops. 11 accessions are safety duplicated in Bioversity International.
  2. Beans: The National Agricultural Research Organization (NARO) received support from the Crop Trust to regenerate and characterize104 bean accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crop.
  3. Millets: The National Agricultural Research Organization (NARO) received support from the Crop Trust to regenerate and characterize 465 finger millet and 36 pearl millet accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crops. 460 accessions of finger and pearl millet are safety duplicated in the International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICRISAT).
  4. Millets: The National Agricultural Research Laboratories (NARL), Uganda received support from the Crop Trust to collect and conserve 121 accessions of wild finger millets and 127 accessions of wild pearl millets with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crop. They are safety duplicated in the International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICRISAT).
  5. Sorghum: The National Agricultural Research Organization (NARO) received support from the Crop Trust to regenerate, characterize and safety duplicate 280 sorghum accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crops. 64 accessions are safety duplicated in the International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Area (ICRISAT) and 71 in the Svalbard Global Seed Vault.
  6. Sweet Potato: The Crop Trust supported NaCCRI, NARO, Uganda to regenerate and characterize 1194 sweet potato accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crop. 156 accessions are safety duplicated in the International Potato Center (CIP).