Country USA Capital : Washington

The United States (U.S.) has a population of more than 317 million people. With the productivity of U.S. agriculture growing faster than domestic food demand, U.S. farmers and agricultural firms rely heavily on export markets to sustain prices and revenues. Historically, U.S. imports have increased steadily, as demand for diversification in food expands. U.S. agricultural exports have been larger than U.S. agricultural imports since 1960, generating a surplus in U.S. agricultural trade.

A few of the United States’ notable agricultural imports are: bananas, barley, sugar, wheat, and oats.

77-100% of the food energy consumed in the United States comes from crops that are not native to the region. Most of these plants’ diversity is found elsewhere around the planet.

The United States signed the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (ITPGRFA) in 2002, joining 142 other parties working towards a global system. Additionally, the United States has contributed USD 54,410,193 to the Crop Trust Endowment Fund.

The Crop Trust has supported 2 projects in USA

  1. Sorghum: The Crop Trust supported Texas A&M University that worked in collaboration with the International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) to evaluate the 248 sorghum accessions for resistance to fungal diseases with the objective of identifying potential sources of resistant genes and making them available to breeding programs worldwide. The project let to the identification of 14 accessions as potential sources of resistance.
  2. Wheat: The University of California, Davis worked in collaboration with the International Wheat and Maize Improvement Center (CIMMTY) and USDA National Small Grains. They received funding from the Crop Trust to characterize and evaluate 8,000 Iranian land races for resistance to pest and diseases and a number of agro morphological traits with the aim of making data and information available to genebanks and researchers to facilitate selection of material with desirable traits for inclusion in breeding programs.