Zambia

Overview

Country Zambia Capital : Lusaka

Image Credit: WorldFish

Zambia has a population of over 15 million people.

Zambia’s economy depends heavily on mining, in particular the mining of copper. Agriculture is relatively poorly developed industry. Although only one-sixth of the country’s arable land is under cultivation, agriculture employs the majority of the labour force.

The main crops produced are corn (maize), sorghum, millet, cassava (manioc) and groundnuts (peanuts). Smallholder farmers mainly grow these crops.

91-98% of the food energy consumed in Zambia comes from crops that are not native to the region. Most of these plants’ diversity is found elsewhere on the planet.

The Crop Trust has supported 4 projects in Zambia

  1. Beans: The Crop Trust supported the National Plant Genetic Resources Centre to regenerate and characterize 73 accessions of common bean with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crop.
  2. Cowpea: The Crop Trust supported the National Plant Genetic Resources Centre (NPGRC) to regenerate and safety duplicate 96 accessions of cowpea with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crops.
  3. Maize: The Crop Trust supported the National Plant Genetic Resource Center (NPGRC), Zambia to regenerate 170 maize accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crop. 161 accessions are safety duplicated in the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT).
  4. Sorghum: The Crop Trust supported the National Plant Genetic Resource Centre (NPGRC) to regenerate, characterize and safety duplicate 402 accessions of sorghum with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crops.