Filter by

Beans

Overview

Crop Beans Phaseolus Center of origin: CAM, SAM-A

Beans, the “meat of the poor”, contribute essential protein to millions in Latin America and Africa.

Beans are nutritionally complementary to carbohydrate-rich grains such as maize, and the combination of beans with such staple crops provides the foundation for a diet providing all of the essential amino acids needed for a complete vegetable protein. Beans are also rich in essential micronutrients such as iron and folic acid (one of the B vitamins especially important for pregnant woman). Common bean is currently cultivated on a significant scale in at least 117 countries.

Beans display an impressive array of colors, textures and tastes, and plants differ from bushes to climbing vines, annual or perennial. Beans can be grown from sea level to over 3,000 meters in a huge variety of climates and soils, and are often intercropped with other food plants in traditional farming systems.

Conserving forever in genebanks

Filter by genebanks

CIAT

Number of varieties available to the public
69.3% 26,015
Data available in genesys
100% 37,524
Safety duplicated
67.1% 25,171

Breakdown of genebanks conserving Beans

  • CIAT 37,521 / 100%

The Crop Trust has supported 27 projects for Beans

  1. Albania: The Crop Trust supported the Agricultural Technology Transfer Center Lushnja (ATTCL) to regenerate and characterize 195 bean accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of these crops.
  2. Azerbaijan: The Crop Trust supported the Genetic Resources Institute of the National Academy of Sciences to regenerate and characterize 73 bean accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of these crops.
  3. Brazil: The Crop Trust supported the Embrapa Genetic Resources and Biotechnology (Embrapa, Cenargen) to collect and conserve 132 samples of bean, with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crop.
  4. Bulgaria: The Crop Trust supported the Institute of Plant Genetic Resources to evaluate and characterize 37 beans for drought tolerance and pests and diseases resistance with the aim of identifying new sources of tolerance and resistance and making the material available to breeders for crop improvement.
  5. Bulgaria: The Crop Trust supported the Institute of Plant Genetic Resources to regenerate and characterize 45 bean accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crops.
  6. Burundi: The Institut des sciences agronomiques du Burundi (ISABU) was supported by the Crop Trust to regenerate and characterize 655 bean accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crops. 288 accessions are safety duplicated at the International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT).
  7. Colombia: The International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT) in collaboration with Universidad Nacional (Palmira) received support from the Crop Trust to evaluate bean for resistance to root rot and drought with the objective of identifying sources of resistance and making these available to breeders globally for use in breeding programs to facilitate the development of varieties adapted to climate change.
  8. Colombia: CIAT receives an in-perpetuity grant from the Crop Trust for the long-term conservation of the global bean and cassava collections it holds on behalf of the international community.
  9. Costa Rica: The Universidad de Costa Rica, Costa Rica received support from the Crop Trust to regenerate and characterize 172 accessions of common bean with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crops. 157 accessions are safety duplicated at the International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT).
  10. Cuba: The Instituto Nacional de Investigacion Fundamental en Agricultura Tropical (INIFAT) received support from the Crop Trust to regenerate and characterize 376 common bean accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crop.
  11. Cuba: The Crop Trust supported the Instituto Nacional de Investigacion Fundamental en Agricultura Tropical (INIFAT) to evaluate common bean for adaptation to low input agriculture, salinity and drought tolerance with the objective of identifying sources of resistance and making this material available for breeding of tolerant varieties.
  12. Guatemala: The Crop Trust supported the Instituto de Ciencias y Tecnología Agricolas (ICTA) to regenerate and characterize 452 accessions of common bean with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crops.
  13. Kenya: The Crop Trust supported the National Dryland Farming Research Centre and the Kenyan Agricultural Research Institute (KARI) to characterize and evaluate common bean accessions for drought tolerance and micronutrient concentration with the aim of identifying suitable landraces that can be sustainably and profitably grown by farmers in Kenya and beyond.
  14. Hungary: The Crop Trust supported the Research Centre for Agrobotany (RCA) to regenerate and characterize 139 common bean accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crops.
  15. Mexico: The Crop Trust supported the Instituto Nacional de Investiigaciones Forestales, Agricolas y Pecuaris (INIFAP) to evaluate and characterize 30 lima bean and 40 common bean accessions collected from the Yucatan Peninsula for drought tolerance with the aim of identifying valuable bean germplasm with the abilities to withstand present and future limitations and provide the resulting germplasm to breeding programmes as novel sources of tolerance and resistance to abiotic stresses. A total of seven lima bean and four common bean accessions were found to be potential sources of genes for drought tolerance.
  16. Mozambique: The Crop Trust supported the Instituto de Investigação Agrária de Moçambique to regenerate 47 accessions of common bean with the aim of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crops.
  17. Myanmar: The Crop Trust supported the Department of Agricultural Research (DAR), Myanmar to regenerate, characterize and safety duplicate 63 accessions of Lima bean with the aim of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crops.
  18. Nepal: The Crop Trust supported the Agriculture Botany Division (NARI) to regenerate 396 accessions of common bean with the aim of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crops.
  19. Nicaragua: The Crop Trust supported the Universidad Nacional Agraria to regenerate and characterize 131 accessions of common bean with the aim of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crops. 84 accessions are safety duplicated at the International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT).
  20. Panama: The Crop Trust provided support to the Instituto de Investigación Agropecuaria de Panamá (IDIAP) to regenerate 18 accessions of common bean with the aim of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crop.
  21. Peru: The Crop Trust provided support to the Instituto Nacional de Innovación Agraria (INIA) to regenerate and characterize 1,619 common bean accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crop.
  22. Russia: The Crop Trust provided support to the N.I. Vavilov Research Institute of Plant Industry (VIR) to regenerate 350 common bean accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crops. 236 accessions are safety duplicated at ICARDA.
  23. Rwanda: The Crop Trust supported the Institut des sciences agronomiques du Rwanda (ISAR) to regenerate and characterize 90 common bean accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crops.
  24. Swaziland: The Crop Trust supported the National Plant Genetic Resources Centre to regenerate 40 accessions of common bean with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crops.
  25. Uganda: The National Agricultural Research Organisation (NARO) receivesd support from the Crop Trust to regenerate and characterize104 bean accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crop.
  26. Ukraine: The National Center for Plant Genetic Resources of Ukraine (NCPGRU) received support from the Crop Trust to regenerate and characterize 563 accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crop.
  27. Zambia: The Crop Trust supported the National Plant Genetic Resources Centre to regenerate and characterize 73 accessions of common bean with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crop.