The Ethiopian national seed collection is held by the Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute (EBI) in Addis Ababa. The institute’s mission is to undertake research on biodiversity conservation and associated indigenous knowledge, establish participatory conservation mechanisms, promote sustainable use of biodiversity and ensure fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from use.

The seed collection holds more than 81,000 accessions of about 89 crop species, obtained mainly through donations, collections and repatriations.

An overview of the plant samples collected in Ethiopia and conserved elsewhere can be found here.