Filter by

International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA)

Overview

Genebank ICARDA SYR002

Getting agricultural research innovations into use in the dry areas is critically important, especially since these regions cover 40 per cent of the earth’s surface and are home to 2.5 billion people – a significant percentage of the world’s population.

This is the core work of the International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Area (ICARDA), which works with partners worldwide, developing innovations to improve food security and the livelihoods of the rural poor. ICARDA’s work targets non-tropical dry areas in developing countries, and also produces international public goods with potential for global application.

Research

Research covers crops (wheat, barley, faba bean, lentil, chickpea and forage legumes), the management of natural resources (water, land, biodiversity), small ruminant production (sheep and goats), farming systems (intensification, diversification, integration between farming system components), and socio-economics and policy research – on how policies can be more relevant to the situation of low income countries.

The estimated benefits of ICARDA’s crop improvement research and production of new varieties over the past 3 decades has been estimated at US$850 million per year. Over 900 improved varieties of wheat, developed from ICARDA material, have been released for cultivation worldwide. The new varieties offer higher yields; better tolerance to drought, heat, cold and salinity; and improved resistance to diseases, weeds and insect pests.

The Genebank

ICARDA’s genebank holds over 135,000 accessions from over 110 countries: traditional landraces, improved germplasm, and a unique set of wild crop relatives. These include wheat, barley, oats and other cereals; food legumes such as faba bean, chickpea, lentil and field pea; forage crops, rangeland plants, and wild relatives of each of these species.

crop Trust Support

The Crop Trust provides a long-term grant for the conservation of the international collection of Barley, Faba Bean, Grass Pea and Forages at ICARDA.

Information from the CGIAR

The crops conserved at ICARDA

Filter by crops

Barley

Number of varieties available to the public
76.4% 24,253
Data available in genesys
0% 0
Safety duplicated
91.5% 29,065

Chickpea

Number of varieties available to the public
58.5% 8,725
Data available in genesys
0% 0
Safety duplicated
70.3% 10,476

Faba Bean

Number of varieties available to the public
17.1% 1,706
Data available in genesys
0% 0
Safety duplicated
60.6% 6,060

Grasspea

Number of varieties available to the public
39.4% 1,646
Data available in genesys
0% 0
Safety duplicated
58.2% 2,434

Lentil

Number of varieties available to the public
77.3% 9,630
Data available in genesys
0% 0
Safety duplicated
86.5% 10,775

Pea

Number of varieties available to the public
30.6% 1,867
Data available in genesys
0% 0
Safety duplicated
62.2% 3,796

Wheat

Number of varieties available to the public
78.1% 32,223
Data available in genesys
0% 0
Safety duplicated
90.4% 37,305

Forages

Number of varieties available to the public
23.2% 5,988
Data available in genesys
0% 0
Safety duplicated
57.7% 14,913

Breakdown of crops conserved at ICARDA

  • Barley 31,761 / 21.7%
  • Chickpea 14,906 / 10.2%
  • Faba Bean 10,002 / 6.8%
  • Grasspea 4,180 / 2.9%
  • Lentil 12,463 / 8.5%
  • Pea 6,106 / 4.2%
  • Wheat 41,255 / 28.2%
  • Forages 25,828 / 17.6%