International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arad Tropics (ICRISAT)


Genebank ICRISAT IND002

The International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) is a non-profit, non-political organization that conducts agricultural research for development in the drylands of Asia and sub-Saharan Africa.

Covering 6.5 million square kilometers of land in 55 countries, the semi-arid or dryland tropics has over 2 billion people, and 644 million of these are the poorest of the poor.

Vision, Mission and Approach 

ICRISAT envisions a prosperous, food-secure and resilient dryland tropics. To achieve this, its mission is to reduce poverty, hunger, malnutrition and environmental degradation in the dryland tropics. It approaches this through partnership-based international agricultural research for development that embodies Science with a Human Face.


ICRISAT and its partners help empower these poor people to overcome poverty, hunger and a degraded environment through better agriculture. ICRISAT is headquartered in Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, in India, with two regional hubs (Nairobi, Kenya and Bamako, Mali) and country offices in Niger, Zimbabwe, Malawi, and Mozambique.

Crop Trust Support

The Crop Trust provides a long-term grant for the conservation of the international collection of Chickpea, Millets and Sorghum at ICRISAT.

ICRISAT conducts research on five highly nutritious drought-tolerant crops: chickpea, pigeonpea, pearl millet, sorghum and groundnut.

Information from the CGIAR

The crops conserved at ICRISAT

Filter by crops

Ground Nut

Number of varieties available to the public
69.6% 10,295
Data available in genesys
101.3% 14,975
Safety duplicated
13.6% 2,006


Number of varieties available to the public
75% 24,343
Data available in genesys
95.6% 31,019
Safety duplicated
39.5% 12,827

Pigeon Pea

Number of varieties available to the public
66.1% 9,014
Data available in genesys
94.7% 12,908


Number of varieties available to the public
69.6% 26,410
Data available in genesys
95.9% 36,400


Number of varieties available to the public
72.4% 14,672
Data available in genesys
92.7% 18,791
Safety duplicated
18.7% 3,800

Breakdown of crops conserved at ICRISAT

  • Ground Nut 14,785 / 12.4%
  • Millets 32,446 / 27.2%
  • Pigeon Pea 13,632 / 11.4%
  • Sorghum 37,949 / 31.9%
  • Chickpea 20,267 / 17%