Sorghum bicolor

Sorghum is the fifth most important cereal crop in the world in terms of production and harvested area. It is a staple crop in Asia and Africa and is grown for both food and industrial purposes. It is mainly consumed in the form of flat bread or porridge.

Sorghum is extremely drought tolerant, making it an excellent choice for semi-arid and dry areas. About 75% of the area grown to sorghum is concentrated in 10 countries: Sudan, India, Nigeria, Niger, USA, Mexico, Ethiopia, Burkina Faso, Mali and Chad.

The global strategy for the ex situ conservation of sorghum identifies three major germplasm collections: ICRISAT, USDA-ARS and the National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources in India.

Check out the global inventory of sorghum for more information.