Annual Report 2014
“The Crop Trust is an international organization working to safeguard crop diversity, forever.” Marie Haga
Executive Director of the Crop Trust
Crop varieties added + 38K
Crop varieties distributed 124K
Grants provided for conservation USD 25,1M
Contributions + USD 3,7M
Varieties available 548K
New varieties in Genesys + 430K
Grants Provided for CollectingUSD 546K
Countries receiving samples 112
"Plans to secure the future can grow from great ideas into great institutions."
"The year was all about convergence, about paths coming together."
What we do
Global Genebank Partnership
"Genebanks ensure a diverse harvest for the future. The Crop Trust ensures a future of security and quality for genebanks."
Crop Wild Relatives
"Saving agriculture's wild cousins."
"We need to know what we have in the world's genebanks."
Svalbard Global Seed Vault
"Deep inside a mountain on a remote island in the Svalbard archipelago, lies a fail-safe, last chance backup facility for the world’s crop diversity."
The Crop Trust
"To see plans take shape, take a seat at the table with the Executive Board and the Donors’ Council."
"2014 marks the end of an important decade for the Crop Trust."
"Two special events and a full agenda of other appearances mark a milestone in the life of the Crop Trust."
Securing our food, forever
"We need partners of every size, in every country, with genuine love for every crop that we protect."
"Conserving crop diversity is the first and most crucial step to ensuring food security."
Grants to conserve crop diversity world wide increased in 2014
Securing our food, forever
Platz der Vereinten Nationen 7
The Crop Trust is fortunate to have support from across the world all dedicated to the future of food security, agriculture and biodiversity.
The Crop Trust would like to thank the following people for their support for this year’s annual report: Ambassador Walter Fust, Professor Gebisa Ejeta, The Crop Trust Staff, The Genebank Managers of the CGIAR, Neil Palmer, Paul Cox, Epic Agency.
53113 Bonn, Germany www.croptrust.org
- Cover page
- Key figures
- What we do
- The Crop Trust
- Securing our food, forever
The Crop Wild Relatives Project
“This project is visionary in scope and has taken an issue that the world has known about but done little to alleviate, and combined scientific and development approaches in order to make a lasting contribution to global food security.”
In 2014, the CWR Project focused its work on concluding agreements with more collecting partners, receiving the first seeds of collecting projects that are already under way, and expanding project activities on information systems and on pre-breeding.
At the core of the project is a partnership between the Crop Trust and the Millennium Seed Bank (MSB) of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, but various other partners have been involved since 2012. The project is possible thanks to the financial support of the Norwegian Government.
With the research and planning phase having concluded in 2013, the project was reviewed by two external experts: Dr Sandra Knapp (Natural History Museum, UK) and Dr Jan Engels (Honorary Research Fellow at Bioversity International), who made a set of useful recommendations with a main focus on project communications. Overall, the project was considered to be a success and on the right track.
As stated in the reviewers’ report:
“We were immensely impressed with the research, both quantity and quality, and how efficient it was at linking up aspects of the Project and in moving towards achieving the ultimate Project goals.”
Collecting and Long-term Conservation
Improving national capacity in collecting and processing seeds for storage is a central part of the CWR Project. In August 2014, representatives from eight African countries benefited from a weeklong training program, which was hosted by the National Agricultural Resource Centre in Uganda.
Collecting Crop Wild Relative Seeds
To date, collecting project agreements are in place for Italy, Cyprus, Portugal, Vietnam, Georgia, Brazil and Kenya. Active negotiations are under way with 26 other countries, including India, Nepal, Nigeria and Uganda. By 31 December 2014, the first shipments of seeds, a total of 204 accessions had been received at the MSB, Kew.
Pre-breeding and Evaluation
The crop wild relative project is not just about collecting. It includes activities to prepare the CWR material for use in breeding programs to better adapt crops to climate change.
The pilot studies on rice and sunflower, initiated soon after the start of the Project, are bringing novel diversity from CWR into materials of use to breeders. Furthermore, the lessons learned are helping to guide prebreeding activities on seven crops: potato, lentil, eggplant, chickpea, carrot, (durum) wheat and sweet potato.
“All pre-breeding projects contain a significant capacity building component and are partnerships between institutions in developing and developed countries.” —Hannes Dempewolf, Crop Trust Scientist and Project Manager
2014 was also the year in which the CWR Project’s efforts to support national programs in making information available about their CWR holdings and plant genetic resources more generally, gathered pace.