Belarus

Overview

Country Belarus Capital : Minsk

Belarus has a population of over 9.5 million. The agricultural sector in Belarus constitutes a diminishing proportion of GDP. However, it employs about one-tenth of the labour force and is dominated by large collective and state farms.

The majority of the country has mixed crop and livestock farming, with a historic emphasis on flax growing. Potatoes, sugar beets, barley, wheat, rye and corn (maize) are other important field crops, with a large percentage of the grains being used for animal feed.

44-53% of the food energy consumed in Belarus comes from crops that are not native to the region. Most of these plants’ diversity is found elsewhere on the planet.

The Crop Trust has supported 2 projects in Belarus

  1. Barley: The Crop Trust supported the Scientific and Practical Center for Arable Farming of the National Academy of Sciences to regenerate, characterize and safety duplicate 262 barley with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of these crops. All duplicates are found in the International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA).
  2. Wheat: The Crop Trust supported the Scientific and Practical Center for Arable Farming of the National Academy of Sciences for their work to regenerate, characterize and safety duplicate 210 wheat accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crop. 210 accessions are safety duplicated in the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT).