Guatemala

Overview

Country Guatemala Capital : Guatemala City

Guatemala has a population of over 15 million

Guatemala is largely dependent upon traditional commercial crops such as coffee, sugar, and bananas.  Agriculture provides employment for about two-fifths of the workforce but contributes less than one-fourth of the gross national product (GNP).

Traditional peasant agriculture, focused upon the production of corn (maize), beans and squash for domestic consumption, is concentrated on small farms or milpas (temporary forest clearings) in the highlands. Commercial plantation agriculture, based on coffee, cotton, sugarcane, bananas and cattle for foreign markets, is restricted to large estates on the Pacific piedmont and coastal plain and in the lower Motagua valley.

38-49% of the food energy consumed in Guatemala comes from crops that are not native to the region. Most of these plants’ diversity is found elsewhere on the planet.

The Crop Trust has supported 2 projects in Guatemala

  1. Beans: The Crop Trust supported the Instituto de Ciencias y Tecnología Agricolas (ICTA) to regenerate and characterize 452 accessions of common bean with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crops.
  2. Maize: The Crop Trust supported the Instituto de Ciencia y Tecnología Agrícolas (ICTA) to regenerate and characterize 177 maize accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crop.