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Italy

Overview

Country Italy Capital : Rome

Italy has a population of roughly 60 million people. Today farms in Italy are largely owned and operated by families.

Since World War II, Italy has maintained a negative trade balance in agricultural products, many of which are consumed domestically because of the country’s high population density. The majority of foreign agricultural and food-related trade is with other EU countries. A few of Italy’s notable imports are: wheat, maize, soybeans, and barley.

70-81% of the food energy consumed in Italy comes from crops that are not native to region. Most of these plants’ diversity is found elsewhere on the planet. There are 95,636 crop varieties in collections of crop diversity found in Italy compared to the more than 700,000 found in the international collections of crop diversity supported by the Crop Trust.

Italy ratified the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (ITPGRFA) in 2004, joining 132 other contracting parties in commitment to the global system. Additionally, Italy contributed USD 989,096 to the Crop Trust Endowment Fund.

Image Credit: Didier Baertschiger

The Crop Trust has supported 2 projects in Italy

  1. Coconut: The Crop Trust supported the International Coconut Genetic Resources Network (COGENT) through Bioversity international to organize a research training workshop for coconut embryo culture technicians, aimed at reviewing coconut embryo culture protocol used in different laboratories, and making recommendations that will enable the testing and validation of an agreed protocol, by a range of coconut embryo culture laboratories under different conditions.
  2. Coconut: The Crop Trust supported the International Coconut Genetic Resources Network (COGENT) through Bioversity international to collect, transfer and grow coconut embryos from the International Coconut Genebank for Africa and the Indian Ocean (ICG-AIO) in an attempt to test and validate the coconut embryo culture protocol agreed by coconut embryo culture technicians, in 3 COGENT network countries; Papua New Guinea, the Philippines and Sri Lanka.