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Malaysia

Overview

Country Malaysia Capital : Kuala Lumpur

Malaysia has a population of around 30 million people. The agriculture and food sector in Malaysia accounts for 15-20% of gross national income.

It employs almost 40% of the country’s working population, and agricultural and food trade generates up to 10-15% of national exports.

Agricultural production focuses on the following food crops: rice, coconut, banana, and brassica.

12-24% of the food energy consumed in Malaysia comes from crops that are not native to the region. Most of these plants’ diversity is found elsewhere around the planet. There are 85,431 crop varieties in collections of crop diversity found in Malaysia compared to the more than 700,000 found in international collections of crop diversity supported by the Crop Trust.

Malaysia acceded into the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (ITPGRFA) in 2003, joining 132 other contracting parties in commitment to a global system.

The Crop Trust has supported 4 projects in Malaysia

  1. Cassava: The Crop Trust supported the Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute (MARDI) to regenerate and characterize 97 cassava accessions, with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crops. 15 accessions are safety duplicated in the International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT).
  2. Rice: The Crop Trust provided support for the School of Environment and Natural Resource Sciences, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan, which collaborated with partners in Malaysia, Bangladesh, India and the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) to introgress selected traits for drought tolerance and efficient water use into popular local improved rice varieties.
  3. Rice: The Crop Trust supported the Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute (MARDI) to regenerate, characterize and safety duplicate 1,000 rice accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crops.
  4. Sweet Potato: The Crop Trust supported the Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute (MARDI) to regenerate and characterize 48 sweet potato accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crops.