Uzbekistan

Overview

Country Uzbekistan Capital : Tashkent

Has a population of over 29 million. Uzbekistan is among the world’s leading cotton producers and is known for its orchards and vineyards. It is also known for raising Karakul sheep and silkworms.

Its economy depends heavily on agricultural production. Uzbekistan has diversified the agricultural sector, to develop animal husbandry, poultry farming, fish farming, horticulture, gardening and beekeeping.

17-20% of the food energy consumed in Uzbekistan comes from crops that are not native to the region. Most of these plants’ diversity is found elsewhere on the planet.

The Crop Trust has supported 3 projects in Uzbekistan

  1. Maize: The Crop Trust supported the Uzbek Research Institute of Plant Industry (UzRIPI) to regenerate 180 maize accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crop. All accessions are safety duplicated in the Svalbard Global Seed Vault.
  2. Sorghum: The Research Institute of Plant Industry (UzRIPI) received support from the Crop Trust to regenerate, characterize and safety duplicate in Svalbard Global Seed Vault 257 sorghum accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crop.
  3. Wheat: The Uzbek Research Institute of Plant Industry received funding from the Crop Trust to regenerate 820 wheat accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crops. 801 accessions are safety duplicated in the Svalbard Global Seed Vault.