French Polynesia consists of five archipelagoes in the south-central Pacific Ocean and has a population of around 285,000.
Tourism is the country’s main economic activity. Agriculture now only provides a small portion of the gross domestic product.
Pigs, cattle, and chickens are raised for food; and shrimps and oysters are farmed. Traditional exports—including vanilla—have greatly declined. Black cultured pearls, principally from the Tuamotu and Gambier islands groups, account for some two-thirds of export earnings.