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Guadeloupe, consisting of a group of islands in the Lesser Antilles chain in the eastern Caribbean Sea, has a population of over 472,000.

Tourism is the main source of foreign exchange. Manufacturing and agriculture account for few jobs. Banana and sugarcane are the principal cash crops. Coffee, vanilla, cacao, vegetables, coconuts and fruits are also grown. Eggplants and flowers are chiefly grown for export. Most of the small fish catch is exported.

There are 495 unique crop samples in collections of crop diversity found in Guadeloupe compared to the more than 750,000 found in the international collections of crop diversity supported by the Crop Trust.

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