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Malawi, a landlocked country, has a population of over 18 million.

Its main industry is agriculture, which employs more than four-fifths of its working population and accounts for one-third of the GDP.

The most important crops are tobacco, sugar, tea and cotton. Tea is grown on plantations on the Shire Highlands; coffee is produced mostly in the Shire Highlands and in northern Malawi, especially in the northeastern Viphya Mountains, and near Rumphi and Misuku.

89-100% of the food energy consumed in Malawi comes from crops that are not native to the region. Most of these plants’ diversity is found elsewhere on the planet.

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