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Nicaragua has a population of around 6 million.

Nicaragua suffers from high unemployment rates and a large external debt, and consequently is one of Latin America’s poorest countries.

Agriculture, forestry and fishing employs one-third of the labour force and produces about one-fifth of the total national income. Major crops for domestic consumption include corn (maize), beans, rice, sorghum, plantains and cassava (manioc). Various fruits and vegetables also are produced for local consumption.

62-75% of the food energy consumed in Nicaragua comes from crops that are not native to the region. Most of these plants’ diversity is found elsewhere on the planet.

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