Niger has a population of over 18.6 million.
Agriculture is the largest sector of Niger’s economy in terms of the number of persons employed and the percentage of gross national product (GNP). Millet and sorghum, the main food crops, are grown in the south, as are cassava and sugarcane. Rice is grown in the Niger River valley. Peanuts are the most important cash crop; other important crops include cotton and pulses.
13-27% of the food energy consumed in Niger comes from crops that are not native to the region. Most of these plants’ diversity is found elsewhere on the planet.