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Sudan is one of the poorest and least-developed countries in the world and has a population of over 36.7 million.

Around one-third of Sudan’s inhabitants are dependent on farming and animal husbandry for their livelihoods. Agriculture still accounts for about one-third of Sudan’s gross domestic product.

The country’s main crops include cotton, peanuts (groundnuts), sesame, gum arabic, sorghum and sugarcane. The main subsistence crops are sorghum and millet, with smaller amounts of wheat, corn and barley.

38-47% of the food energy consumed in Sudan comes from crops that are not native to the region. Most of these plants’ diversity is found elsewhere on the planet.

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