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Uganda has a population of over 38 million.

The economy relies heavily on agriculture, and it occupies some four-fifths of the working population. Economic development and modernization have been impeded by the country’s political instability.

Two important crops for export are coffee and cotton. Tea and horticultural products are also grown for export. Food crops include corn (maize), millet, beans, sorghum, cassava, sweet potatoes, plantains, peanuts (groundnuts), soybeans and such vegetables as cabbages, greens, carrots, onions, tomatoes and numerous peppers.

76-88% of the food energy consumed in Uganda comes from crops that are not native to the region. Most of these plants’ diversity is found elsewhere on the planet.

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