Uruguay has a population of over 3 million.
Uruguay may seem small in comparison to its neighbors, Brazil and Argentina, but it has more cultivable land than Japan, and a population forty times smaller. The country’s gross national product (GNP) per capita is among the highest in Latin America, and the nation has a large urban middle class.
Sheep and cattle raising are two of Uruguay’s most important economic activities. Major crops include rice, wheat, corn (maize), oranges, sugarcane, and sunflower seeds. The grape harvest sustains a modest wine industry.
90-100% of the food energy consumed in Uruguay comes from crops that are not native to the region. Most of these plants’ diversity is found elsewhere on the planet.