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Vietnam has a population of around 92.7 million. It benefits from the development of tourism as its long coastline provides excellent harbors, access to marine resources, and many attractive beaches and areas of scenic beauty.

Agriculture is fading as the most important economic sector in Vietnam. But it remains the main source of raw materials for the processing industries and a major contributor to exports. Rice is the most important crop and is grown principally in the Red and Mekong river deltas. Other major food crops are sugarcane, cassava (manioc), corn (maize), sweet potatoes, and nuts.

13-19% of the food energy consumed in Vietnam comes from crops that are not native to the region. Most of these plants’ diversity is found elsewhere on the planet.

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