Peanut, also known as groundnut, is one of the most widely cultivated food legumes in the world.
Native to South America, peanut is now grown in nearly every country with a tropical or sub-tropical climate. On the global market, peanut is valued as an industrial oilseed and a delicious, high-protein food commodity. It is also a nutritious subsistence crop, vital to the food security and culinary traditions of countless smallholder farmers and rural communities throughout the tropics.
World peanut production continues to rise, currently approaching 50 million metric tons per year, with China and India being the largest producers.