Albania

Overview

Country Albania Capital : Tirana

Albania has a population of over 3 million.

Around half of the economically active population is employed in agriculture, which contributes about one-fifth of Albania’s GDP. Only one-fourth of the total land area is arable, but the country meets nearly all its food needs from domestic production.

Main crops include wheat, corn (maize), sugar beets and watermelons. Apples, plums, grapes, walnuts and chestnuts are also grown. Citrus fruits are cultivated on the southern coast, as are figs and olives wherever there is sufficient irrigation. Major livestock are sheep, goats, cattle, and pigs.

92-99% of the food energy consumed in Albania comes from crops that are not native to the region. Most of these plants’ diversity is found elsewhere on the planet.

The Crop Trust has supported 4 projects in Albania

  1. Beans: The Crop Trust supported the Agricultural Technology Transfer Center Lushnja (ATTCL) to regenerate and characterize 195 bean accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of these crops.
  2. Chickpea: The Crop Trust supported the Agricultural Technology Transfer Center Lushnja (ATTCL) to regenerate and characterize 6 chickpea accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of these crops.
  3. LentilThe Crop Trust supported the Agricultural Technology Transfer Center Lushnja to regenerate and characterize 11 lentil accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of these crops.
  4. Wheat: The Crop Trust supported the Agricultural Technology Transfer Center Lushnja (ATTCL) to regenerate and characterize 6,173 accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of these crops. 3687 are safety duplicated in the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT).