Albania has a population of over 3 million.
Around half of the economically active population is employed in agriculture, which contributes about one-fifth of Albania’s GDP. Only one-fourth of the total land area is arable, but the country meets nearly all its food needs from domestic production.
Main crops include wheat, corn (maize), sugar beets and watermelons. Apples, plums, grapes, walnuts and chestnuts are also grown. Citrus fruits are cultivated on the southern coast, as are figs and olives wherever there is sufficient irrigation. Major livestock are sheep, goats, cattle, and pigs.
92-99% of the food energy consumed in Albania comes from crops that are not native to the region. Most of these plants’ diversity is found elsewhere on the planet.