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Azerbaijan

Overview

Country Azerbaijan Capital : Baku

Azerbaijan has a population of more than 9 million people. The agriculture and food sector in Azerbaijan has seen a sharp decline from 20% of gross national product in 2001 to less than 6% in 2014.

A major cause has been the low priority given to the agriculture sector as the nation focused on the rapid expansion of its petroleum operations. Severe land degradation in the country is another big challenge that has compromised crop yields by 20-30%. Azerbaijan is now working to intensify knowledge transfer on research and innovations for sustainable agriculture development, and greater food security.

Agricultural production focuses on the following food crops: wheat, potato, barley, maize, and apple.

14-16% of the food energy consumed in Azerbaijan comes from crops that are not native to the region. Most of these plants’ diversity is found elsewhere on the planet. There are 13,927 crop varieties in collections of crop diversity found in Azerbaijan compared to the more than 700,000 found in the international collections of crop diversity supported by the Crop Trust.

The Crop Trust has supported 10 projects in Azerbaijan

  1. Barley: The Crop Trust supported the Genetic Resources Institute of the National Academy of Sciences to regenerate, characterize and safety duplicate 194 barley with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of these crops. Safety duplicates are all found at the International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA).
  2. Beans: The Crop Trust supported the Genetic Resources Institute of the National Academy of Sciences to regenerate and characterize 73 bean accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of these crops.
  3. Chickpea: The Crop Trust supported the Genetic Resources Institute of the National Academy of Sciences to regenerate, characterize and safety duplicate 65 chickpea accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of these crops.
  4. Cowpea: The Crop Trust supported the Genetic Resources Institute of the National Academy of Sciences to regenerate, characterize and safety duplicate 20 cowpea accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of these crop.
  5. Faba Bean: The Crop Trust supported the Genetic Resources Institute of the National Academy of Sciences to regenerate and characterize 14 faba bean accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of these crops. All accessions are safety duplicated at the International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA).
  6. Grasspea: The Crop Trust supported the Genetic Resources Institute of the National Academy of Sciences to regenerate, characterize and safety duplicate 20 grass pea accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of these crop.
  7. Lentil: The Crop Trust supported the Genetic Resources Institute of the National Academy of Sciences in regenerate, characterize and safety duplicate 40 lentil accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of these crops.
  8. Maize: The Crop Trust supported the Genetic Resources Institute of the National Academy of Sciences to regenerate, characterize and safety duplicate 200 accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of these crops.
  9. Sorghum: The Crop Trust supported the Genetic Resources Institute of the National Academy of Sciences to regenerate and characterize 11 sorghum accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of these crops. 11 accessions are safety duplicated in Svalbard Global Seed Vault.
  10. Wheat: The Crop Trust supported the Genetic Resources Institute of the National Academy of Sciences to regenerate, characterize and safety duplicate 879 wheat accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of these crops. 879 accessions are safety duplicated in the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT).