Benin

Overview

Country Benin Capital : Porto-Novo

Benin has a population of over 10 million.

Around 70 percent of the working population depends on agriculture. Benin has produced yams, cassava, corn (maize), millet, beans, and rice since the mid-1980s to achieve self-sufficiency in these staple foods. The formerly predominant palm product output declined considerably in the 1980s, but cotton output rose. The output of karité, peanuts (groundnuts), cacao beans and coffee also has increased.

65-72% of the food energy consumed in Benin comes from crops that are not native to the region. Most of these plants’ diversity is found elsewhere on the planet.

The Crop Trust has supported 8 projects in Benin

  1. Bambara Groundnut: The Crop Trust supported the Institut National des Recherches Agricoles du Bénin (INRAB) to regenerate four bambara groundnut accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of these crop.
  2. Cowpea: The Crop Trust supported the Institut National des Recherches Agricoles du Bénin (INRAB) to regenerate, characterize and safety duplicate 60 cowpea accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of these crop.
  3. Sorghum: The Crop Trust supported the Institut National des Recherches Agricoles du Bénin (INRAB) to regenerate, characterize and safety duplicate in the International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Area (ICRISAT) 43 sorghum accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of these crops.
  4. Yam: The Crop Trust supported the Université d’Abomey-Calavi (UAC) to regenerate, characterize and safety duplicate 1,017 yam accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crop.
  5. Yam: The Crop Trust supported Laboratoire d’Agrobiodiversité et Amélioration des Plantes Tropicales (LAAPT), Université d’Abomey-Calavi (UAC) to provide on job training and technical support on a methodology to assess yam diversity and farmers preferences in four countries: Benin, Ghana, Mali and Nigeria
  6. Yam: The Crop Trust supported Laboratoire d’Agrobiodiversité et Amélioration des Plantes Tropicales (LAAPT), Université d’Abomey-Calavi (UAC) to multiply and distribute 288 yam accessions from 41 varieties with drought resistance and good storage qualities to 600 farmers in 30 villages of Northwest Benin.
  7. Yam: The Crop Trust supported Plant Genetic Resources Research Institute (PGRRI) to survey yam producing areas and gather information regarding existing yam diversity and farmers’ preferences with methodology provided by the Laboratoire d’Agrobiodiversité et Amélioration des Plantes Tropicales (LAPPT).
  8. Yam: The Crop Trust supported the Crop, Aromatic and Medicinal Plant Biodiversity Research and Development Institute (IRDCAM) that worked in collaboration with the Institute National de Recherches Agricoles du Benin (INRAB) and International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA) to evaluate 762 yam landraces for 18 traits of importance to climate change with the aim to identify agronomically desirable varieties for farmers use in Benin and the region.