Burkina Faso

Overview

Country Burkina Faso Capital : Ouagadougou

Burkina Faso has a population of over 19.5 million.

About nine-tenths of the population is engaged in subsistence agriculture or livestock raising. The majority of agricultural production consists of subsistence foodstuffs, with the surplus being sold as cash crops. Surplus cotton, shea nuts, sesame and sugarcane are exported, while sorghum, millet, corn (maize), peanuts (groundnuts) and rice are grown for local consumption. Fonio (a crabgrass with seeds that are used as cereal), cassava (manioc), sweet potatoes and beans are also grown.

23-32% of the food energy consumed in Burkina Faso comes from crops that are not native to the region. Most of these plants’ diversity is found elsewhere on the planet.

The Crop Trust has supported 5 projects in Burkina Faso

  1. Cowpea: The Crop Trust supported the Institut national de l’environnement et de la recherche agronomique (INERA) to regenerate and characterize 195 cowpea accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crops. 175 accessions are safety duplicated in the international Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA).
  2. Millets: The Crop Trust supported the Institut National de l’Environnement et de la Recherche Agronomique (INERA) to regenerate, characterize and safety duplicate 155 pearl millet accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crops.
  3. Rice: The Institut National de I’Environment et de la Recherche Agronomique (INERA) carried out agro-morphological characterization of Burkina Faso rice germplasm in lowland rain-fed and irrigated conditions. The project characterized 332 rice accessions for 13 agro-morphological traits and further evaluated the agronomic performance of 140 accessions in lowland and irrigated cropping systems with the aim of establishing a core collection of characterized germplasm and making it available to breeders for use in developing varieties adapted to local conditions and acceptable to farmers. A total of 10 accessions were found to perform well in both cropping system with a yield ranging from 3.1 – 4.6 tons/ha.
  4. Rice: The Crop Trust supported the Institut National de l’Environnement et de la Recherche Agronomique (INERA) to regenerate and characterize 197 rice accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crops. 68 accessions are safety duplicated in Africa Rice.
  5. Sorghum: The Crop Trust supported the Institut National de l’Environnement et de la Recherche Agronomique (INERA) to regenerate and characterize 470 sorghum accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crops. 97 accessions are safety duplicated in the International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Area (ICRISAT).