Burundi

Overview

Country Burundi Capital : Bujumbura

Burundi, a landlocked country, has a population of over 11 million.

Agriculture is the country’s main industry, with industrial activities accounting for less than one-fourth of the GDP. Coffee, in particular, arabica, is the principal export crop and source of foreign exchange. Other cash crops include cotton and tea.

Around half of Burundi’s land area is considered cultivable, and about one-third is suitable for pasture. Staple food crops include beans, corn (maize), cassava (manioc) and sorghum.

83-97% of the food energy consumed in Burundi comes from crops that are not native to the region. Most of these plants’ diversity is found elsewhere on the planet.

The Crop Trust has supported 3 projects in Burundi

  1. Banana: The Crop Trust supported the Institut de Recherches Agronomiques et Zootechnique (IRAZ) to regenerate and characterize 40 banana accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crop.
  2. Beans: The Institut des Sciences Agronomiques du Burundi (ISABU) was supported by the Crop Trust to regenerate and characterize 655 bean accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crops. 288 accessions are safety duplicated at the International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT).
  3. Sorghum: The Institut des Sciences Agronomiques du Burundi (ISABU) received support from the Crop Trust to regenerate and characterize 138 sorghum accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crops.