Canada has a population of nearly 36 million people. While the relative contribution of Canadian agriculture to the overall economy has been declining, the absolute size of the sector has continued to grow. The importance of the sector varies across the provinces. Though the country produces substantial quantities of food for domestic consumers and for export, Canada also imports a significant amount of agricultural products. The United States supplies Canada with the majority of agricultural imports.
A few of Canada’s top agricultural imports are: sugar, maize, soy, and bananas.
84-99% of the food energy consumed in Canada comes from crops that are not native to region.
Canada ratified the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (ITPGRFA) in 2002, joining 142 other contracting parties in commitment to the global system. Additionally, Canada contributed USD 9,013,812 to support the Crop Trust.