Colombia has a population of nearly 48 million people. The mountainous character of much of Colombia’s territory, along with the attendant climatic variations of the different vertical zones, allows for the production of an unusually wide range of both tropical and temperate-zone crops, from bananas and sugarcane to wheat, barley, and potatoes. Coffee has long represented the foundation of the Colombian economy, comprising a substantial portion of exports.
A few of Colombia’s other top agricultural exports are: bananas, refined sugar and palm oil.
83-94% of the food energy consumed in Colombia comes from crops that are not native to region. Most of these plants’ diversity is found elsewhere on the planet.
Colombia signed the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (ITPGRFA) in 2002, joining 142 other contracting parties working toward the global system. Additionally, Colombia contributed USD 35,802 to support the Crop Trust.