The Czech Republic, also known informally as Czechia, has a population of over 10 million people. Landlocked in central Europe, the rich black and brown soils of the country are fed by the Elbe river and its tributaries.
Around 54% of the Czech Republic’s land is arable and devoted to permanent and rotation crops. Major crops in the country include winter wheat, barley, potatoes, rapeseed, sugar beet, maize, and various fruits.
While historically a significant sector of the Czech Republic’s national economy, the country’s agricultural sector is now closer to the average for top EU economies. Since 2008, the agriculture sector’s share of the national GDP has hovered between 1.6% and 2.5%.
With most of the production conducted by larger private entities, only 2.9% of workers in the Czech Republic are in the agriculture sector. Approximately 92% of the total arable land is operated by businesses owning 50 hectares or more.
The Czech Republic is a contracting party to the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (ITPGRFA) since 2004, alongside 144 other member states committed to the global system. Additionally, the Czech Republic has contributed USD 40,000 to the Crop Trust Endowment Fund.