Ecuador

Overview

Country Ecuador Capital : Quito

One of the world’s most environmentally diverse countries, Ecuador has a population of over 16 million.

Agriculture has traditionally employed a large proportion of the population. There is a large population of subsistence farmers, with the main crops produced being corn (maize), potatoes, beans and cassava (manioc). The commercial production of tropical specialty crops such as bananas, cacao and coffee have provided much-needed foreign exchange.

87-97% of the food energy consumed in Ecuador comes from crops that are not native to the region. Most of these plants’ diversity is found elsewhere on the planet.

The Crop Trust has supported 3 projects in Ecuador

  1. Faba Bean: The Instituto Nacional Autónomo de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (INIAP) received support from the Crop Trust to regenerate and characterize 208 faba bean accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crops. All accessions are safety duplicated at the International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA).
  2. Potato: The Instituto Nacional Autónomo de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (INIAP) received support from the Crop Trust to regenerate and characterize 898 potato accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crops.
  3. Potato: The Instituto Nacional Autónomo de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (INIAP) worked with partners in the LatinPapa Network, in particular the International Potato Center (CIP), to make and evaluate reciprocal crosses between the highland and lowland potato genepools, which have complementary adaptive and resistance traits, in order to develop breeding lines with increased frequency of desirable genes for use in developing early maturity cultivars with improved resistance to major diseases, and which are better suited to climate change and market forces.