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Country Egypt Capital : Cairo

Egypt has a population of nearly 90 million inhabitants. The per capita food consumption is 3,160 calories a day and ranks within the top quarter in the world. With increasing demands and a population growth rate of 2%, Egypt must work towards a food secure world.

Mostly desert, the Nile Delta hosts the majority of agricutural land and only 2,8 % of the country’s territory is arable. Egypt’s main agricultural products are wheat, beans and fruits. The agriculture and food sector in Egypt accounts for 15-20% of the GDP. It employs nearly one third of the country’s working population. Further, it makes up 15-20% of exports and imports.

Notable imports are wheat, maize and soy beans. Wheat imports amount up to 9,800,006 tons and nearly USD 3.2 billion in value. While Egypt’s agricultural sector accounts for such a large part of their GDP and workforce, Egypt still remains interdepended when it comes to crop diversity. In fact, 91-99% of the food energy consumed in Egypt comes from crops that are not native to the region.

 Ensuring that notable imports such as wheat, maize and beans are able to adapt to the challenges that agriculture faces today and tomorrow is of the utmost importance, not only to Egypt, but also the world.

Egypt ratified the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (ITPGRFA) in 2005 joining 142 other contracting parties in commitment to the global system for the conservation of crop diversity. Egypt has pledged USD 166,657 to the Crop Trust Endowment Fund. 


Data: FAOSTAT, CIA Factbook, World Bank, National Geographic

Image Credit: Mariusz Kluzniak

The Crop Trust has supported 1 projects in Egypt

  1. In 2014, The Crop Trust initiated a project to assist genebanks around the world to overcome their data management challenges. As a first step, studies of status and gap assessments were carried out in selected Genebanks. Under this project, assessments were carried out at the National Gene Bank of Egypt to review the following: 1) Assess and document genebank workflows eg acquisition, regeneration, multiplication, distribution, characterization, stock management, etc… in relation to data management; 2) Administer the standard questionnaire developed by the Crop Trust to the genebank to collect baseline data on current us of IT tools in genebank operations; 3) Identify and document constraints to data acquisition and management; 4) Document the IT status of the genebank and propose most appropriate approaches for improved data management