Fiji

Overview

Country Fiji Capital : Suva

Fiji is an island nation in the South Pacific with a population of over 892,000. It is made up of over 300 islands, of which 110 are inhabited.

The larger Fiji islands are volcanic, with rugged peaks and flatland where rivers have built deltas.

Agriculture contributes around 10% of the country’s GDP and employs almost 2,000 Fijians (2010). Sugarcane is Fiji’s most important agricultural industry, accounting for over one-third of all of Fiji’s industrial activity.

65-77% of the food energy consumed in Fiji comes from crops that are not native to the region. Most of these plants’ diversity is found elsewhere on the planet. There are 2,230 unique crop samples in collections of crop diversity found in Fiji compared to the more than 750,000 found in the international collections of crop diversity supported by the Crop Trust.

The Crop Trust has supported 4 projects in Fiji

  1. Aroids: The Crop Trust supported the Secretariat of the Pacific Community (SPC) in its work with the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven (KU Leuven), Belgium to develop a protocol for the cryopreservation of edible aroids. The protocol will allow the routine, large-scale application of cryopreservation for long-term conservation of any taro collection.
  2. Aroids and Yam: The Secretariat of the Pacific Community (SPC) receives an in-perpetuity grant from the Crop Trust for the long-term conservation of the global collections of yam and edible aroids it holds on behalf of the international community.
  3. Aroids: The Crop Trust supported the Secretariat of the Pacific Community (SPC) to evaluate 30 accessions of taro for drought and salinity tolerance, with the aim of identifying new sources of tolerance and making the material available to breeders for variety development in the Pacific region.
  4. Yam: The Crop Trust provided support to the Ministry of Agriculture in Fiji to regenerate, characterize and safety duplicate 45 yam accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crop.