Ghana

Overview

Country Ghana Capital : Accra

Ghana has a population of around 27 million.

It is one of Africa’s leading countries, partially due to its considerable natural wealth and partly because it was the first black African country south of the Sahara to achieve independence from colonial rule. Agriculture, forestry and fishing employ more than half of the population. Cacao—grown commercially for its seeds, cocoa beans—is cultivated on more than one-half of Ghana’s arable land and is a significant source of the country’s export revenue. Besides cocoa beans, timber and palm oil, other agricultural products that are exported include sugar, coffee, palm kernels, copra and various fruits and vegetables.

70-81% of the food energy consumed in Ghana comes from crops that are not native to the region. Most of these plants’ diversity is found elsewhere on the planet. There are 15,472 unique crop samples in collections of crop diversity found in Ghana compared to the more than 750,000 found in the international collections of crop diversity supported by the Crop Trust.

The Crop Trust has supported 8 projects in Ghana

  1. Aroids: The Crop Trust supported the Plant Genetic Resources Research Institute (PGRRI) to regenerate and characterize 74 cocoyam accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crops. 71 accessions are duplicated in the International Center for Tropical Agriculture (IITA) under in vitro conditions.
  2. Cowpea: The Crop Trust supported Plant Genetic Resources Research Institute to collect and conserve 14 accessions of wild cowpeas with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crop. Seven accessions are safety duplicated at the Svalbard Global Seed Vault.
  3. Millets: The Crop Trust supported Plant Genetic Resources Research Institute (PGRRI), CSIR, Ghana to collect and conserve 25 accessions of wild finger millets and 30 accessions of wild pearl millet in eight administrative regions of Ghana with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crop. They are safety duplicated in the International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Area (ICRISAT).
  4. Millets: The Crop Trust supported the Savannah Agricultural Research Institute (SARI) to survey and collect pearl millets in three regions of Northern Ghana with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crops. 126 accessions were collected and are safety duplicated in the International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Area (ICRISAT).
  5. Pigeon Pea: The Crop Trust supported Plant Genetic Resources Research Institute (PGRRI), CSIR, Ghana to collect and conserve 11 accessions of wild pigeon pea in 8 administrative regions of Ghana with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crop. 7 accessions are safety duplicated in the International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICRISAT) and Svalbard Global Seed Vault.
  6. Sorghum: The Crop Trust supported the Savannah Agricultural Research Institute (SARI) to survey and collect sorghum in three regions of Northern Ghana with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crops. 133 accessions were collected and are safety duplicated in the International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Area (ICRISAT).
  7. Yam: The Crop Trust supported the Plant Genetic Resources Research Institute (PGRRI) to regenerate and characterize 338 yam accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crops. 147 accessions are safety duplicated in the International Institute for Tropical Agriculture (IITA).
  8. Yam: The Crop Trust supported Plant Genetic Resources Research Institute (PGRRI) to survey 401 yam accessions. 89 accessions from three species were multiplied and distributed and community genebanks established in three communities to increase farmers’ access to diversity.