Indonesia has a population of more than 251 million people. The agriculture and food sector in Indonesia accounts for 15-20% of gross national income.
It employs almost 40% of the country’s working population, and agricultural and food trade generates up to 15% of national exports.
Agricultural production focuses on the following food crops: maize, cassava, coconut, and banana.
28-32% of the food energy consumed in Indonesia comes from crops that are not native to the region. Most of these plants’ diversity is found elsewhere on the planet. There are 26,575 crop varieties in collections of crop diversity found in Indonesia compared to the more than 700,000 found in the international collections of crop diversity supported by the Crop Trust.
Indonesia acceded into the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (ITPGRFA) in 2006, joining 132 other contracting parties in commitment to a global system.