Kenya

Overview

Country Kenya Capital : Nairobi

Kenya has a population of over 46.7 million people.

Tourism and agricultural exports continue to be the major sources of foreign exchange for the country. Agriculture plays an important role in Kenya’s economy, despite its share of GDP declining from two-fifths in 1964 to less than one-fifth in the early 21st century. It employs the majority of the population. The major crops for domestic consumption are corn (maize) and wheat.

Despite the importance of agriculture, the expansion of the agriculture industry is hindered by the lack of water, infrastructure, and arable land.

89-98% of the food energy consumed in Kenya comes from crops that are not native to the region. Most of these plants’ diversity is found elsewhere on the planet.

The Crop Trust has supported 8 projects in Kenya

  1. Beans: The Crop Trust supported the National Dryland Farming Research Centre and the Kenyan Agricultural Research Institute (KARI) to characterize and evaluate common bean accessions for drought tolerance and micronutrient concentration with the aim of identifying suitable landraces that can be sustainably and profitably grown by farmers in Kenya and beyond.
  2. Cowpea: The National Genebank, Kenya Agricultural Research Institute (KARI) received support from the Crop Trust to regenerate and characterize 398 cowpea accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crops.
  3. Cowpea: The Crop Trust supported the Kenya Agriculture Research Institute (KARI), Kenya to collect six accessions of wild cowpea in the Coastal, Eastern, Central and Western parts of Kenya and conserve with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crop.
  4. Faba Bean: The National Genebank, Kenya Agricultural Research Institute (KARI) received support from the Crop Trust to regenerate and characterize 31 bean accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crops.
  5. Millets: The National Genebank, Kenya Agricultural Research Institute (KARI) received support from the Crop Trust to regenerate and characterize 971 finger millet accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crops. 267 accessions are backed up in Svalbard Global Seed Vault.
  6. Millets: The Crop Trust supported the Kenya Agriculture Research Institute (KARI) to collect and conserve wild finger and pearl millets in the Coastal, Eastern, Central and Western parts of Kenya with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crop.
  7. Pigeon Pea: The National Genebank, Kenya Agricultural Research Institute (KARI), received support from the Crop Trust to regenerate and characterize 340 pigeon pea accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crops.
  8. Kenya: The National Genebank, Kenya Agricultural Research Institute (KARI), received support from the Crop Trust to regenerate, characterize and safety duplicate 1421 sorghum accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crops. 176 accessions are safety duplicated in the International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Area (ICRISAT)