Malawi

Overview

Country Malawi Capital : Lilongwe

Malawi, a landlocked country, has a population of over 18 million.

Its main industry is agriculture, which employs more than four-fifths of its working population and accounts for one-third of the GDP.

The most important crops are tobacco, sugar, tea and cotton. Tea is grown on plantations on the Shire Highlands; coffee is produced mostly in the Shire Highlands and in northern Malawi, especially in the northeastern Viphya Mountains, and near Rumphi and Misuku.

89-100% of the food energy consumed in Malawi comes from crops that are not native to the region. Most of these plants’ diversity is found elsewhere on the planet.

The Crop Trust has supported 2 projects in Malawi

  1. Cassava: The Crop Trust supported the Department of Agriculture, which collaborated with the University of the Free State in South Africa, and the Instituto de Investigação Agrária de Moçambique, to genotype and evaluate cassava collections in Malawi and Mozambique for starch characteristics.
  2. Cowpea: The Malawi Plant Genetic Resources Centre received support from the Crop Trust to characterize and evaluate 60 cowpea accessions for tolerance to drought and heat with the aim of identifying potential sources of desired traits and making these available to breeders for use in the development of varieties adapted to climate change.