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Mexico

Overview

Country Mexico Capital : Mexico City

Mexico has a population of more than 119 million people. The agriculture and food sector in Mexico accounts for almost 5% of gross national income.

It employs 15-20% of the country’s working population and agricultural and food trade generates between 5-10% of national exports. Agricultural production focuses on the following food crops: maize, beans, wheat and alfalfa.

45-59% of food energy consumed in Mexico comes from crops that are not native to the region. Most of these plants’ diversity is found elsewhere around the planet. There are 302,577 crop varieties in collections of crop diversity found in Mexico compared to the more than 700,000 found in international collections of crop diversity supported by the Crop Trust.

The Crop Trust has supported 3 projects in Mexico

  1. Beans: The Crop Trust supported the Instituto Nacional de Investiigaciones Forestales, Agricolas y Pecuaris (INIFAP) to evaluate and characterize 30 lima bean and 40 common bean accessions collected from the Yucatan Peninsula for drought tolerance with the aim of identifying valuable bean germplasm with the abilities to withstand present and future limitations and provide the resulting germplasm to breeding programmes as novel sources of tolerance and resistance to abiotic stresses. A total of seven lima bean and four common bean accessions were found to be potential sources of genes for drought tolerance.
  2. Mexico: The Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Forestales, Agriculas y Pecuaris (INIFAP), Mexico received funding from the Crop Trust to characterize and evaluate 30 cowpea accessions from Southeast Mexico for drought tolerance with the aim of identifying valuable germplasm that can provide novel sources of tolerance/resistance for the traits of interest for use in the development of desirable improved varieties at regional and global levels. Four cowpea accessions were found to be potential sources of genes for drought tolerance.
  3. Wheat: The Centro Internacional de Mejoramiento de Maíz y Trigo (CIMMYT) receives an in-perpetuity grant from the Crop Trust for the long-term conservation of the global collection of wheat it holds on behalf of the international community.