Mexico has a population of more than 119 million people. The agriculture and food sector in Mexico accounts for almost 5% of gross national income.
It employs 15-20% of the country’s working population and agricultural and food trade generates between 5-10% of national exports. Agricultural production focuses on the following food crops: maize, beans, wheat and alfalfa.
45-59% of food energy consumed in Mexico comes from crops that are not native to the region. Most of these plants’ diversity is found elsewhere around the planet. There are 302,577 crop varieties in collections of crop diversity found in Mexico compared to the more than 700,000 found in international collections of crop diversity supported by the Crop Trust.